Hendaj Elantra
Petrol engines 1,6, 1,8 and 2,0 l
The diesel engine of 2,0 l
Greasing system
Cooling system
- Fuel system
    Fuel system of petrol engines
   - Fuel system of diesel engines
      Specifications
      The general data on injection system «Common Rail»
      Characteristics of system of injection
      Control injection of fuel
      The main injection of fuel
      Additional injection of fuel
      Reduction of toxicity of the fulfilled gases
      Fuel system Common Rail
      Control system EDC
      ECU
      Management of a maximum quantity of air arriving in the engine
      The active shock-absorber reducing fluctuations of frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine
      Engine deenergizing
      Candles накаливания
      Removal and atomizer installation
      Installation of the fuel pump of a high pressure
      Measuring instrument of the expense of air (Air flow sensor – AFS)
      The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid (ECT)
      The gauge of position of a camshaft (CMP)
      The gauge of an angle of rotation of a cranked shaft
      Atomizers
      The gauge of pressure of fuel in the high pressure accumulator (RPS)
      The gauge of temperature of fuel (FTS)
      The valve of adjustment of pressure
      Search and elimination of malfunctions
Monitoring systems and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
Ignition system
System of preliminary heating of the diesel engine
Coupling
Mechanical transmission
Automatic transmission
Power shafts, forward and back axes
Suspension bracket
Steering
Brake system
Body
Air central air
The electric equipment
Electric schemes










Candles накаливания

Candle накаливания GSK2

1 – electric contact
2 – an isolating washer
3 – a double lining
4 – a contact pin
5 – a candle cover накаливания
6 – heater isolation
7 – a heater and a management thread
8 – a heated up tube
9 – a heater

The candle накаливания represents the protected gas-tight tubular heating element. The element is executed in the form of a tube with high resistance to corrosion and hot gases and contains the heating element located in a powder оксида of magnesium.

The heater element includes two connected resistors: a heater spiral in a tip of a tube and a management thread. In view of that the heater spiral keeps actually constant electric resistance irrespective of temperature, the management thread is made of a material with positive temperature factor (PTC).

On candles накаливания (GSK2) new generation resistance of a thread of management increases even faster with rise in temperature, than in usual candles накаливания S–RSK. It means that, newer candles накаливания GSK2 faster (850°C for 4с) reach temperatures for engine start. They also work at lower established temperature, thus the candle temperature накаливания is limited by noncritical level.

Thus, the candle накаливания GSK2 can work within even three minutes after engine start. This feature of the subsequent heating of the engine improves engine work in phases of warming up and initial movement with the minimum emission of harmful substances in the fulfilled gases and noise.

The temperature diagramme of a candle накаливания:

1. S–RSK
2. GSK